Mangosteen, also known as Queen of Fruits, is a sweet and tangy fruit grown in various parts of South-East Asia like Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore. The fruit is purple in colour, has a white fleshy pulp and segmented with seeds. It is rich in water, energy, protein, carbohydrates, fiber, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, copper, manganese, vitamin A, C, B6, B12 and so on. Mangosteen is delicious, juicy and brimming with multiple health benefits!
Health Benefits of Mangosteen
1. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
Mangosteen contains a class of naturally occurring polyphenol compound called xanthones. Xanthones exhibits a variety of biological activities containing anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer effects (Akao et al. 2008). Xanthones acts as an anti-inflammatory agent by releasing histamine and prostaglandin associated with inflammation in the body. By reducing or stopping inflammation, mangosteen fights cancer by inducing cancerous cell death. Besides, the antioxidants can protect heart health by dealing with oxidative stress and salvaging free radicals (Kondo et al. 2009).
2. Regulates blood pressure
Mangosteen contains good amount of potassium and magnesium. Potassium eliminates the negative effect of excess intake of salt and promotes heart health by maintaining normal heart rate. As for magnesium, it is important to maintain normal blood pressure and blood sugar level, which in turn, keeps a steady heartbeat. Study proved that mangosteen in extremely useful in treating hypertension via blood pressure regulation (Fiscal and Chave 2016).
3. Healthy and glowing skin
Xanthones in the mangosteen exhibit anti-bacterial and anti-microbial properties, which are highly effective in treating many skin conditions such as acne and blemishes (Pothitirat et al. 2010). Besides, the antioxidant catechin works for your skin by preventing wrinkles and signs of aging. The antioxidant properties can reduce signs of aging brought by oxidative stress which caused by free radicals. Moreover, the high content of Vitamin C in mangosteen can improve skin quality and boost skin health.
4. Weight Loss
Mangosteen is a low-calorie fruit loaded with vitamins and fiber content which helps in the metabolism. It helps in maintaining a healthy weight by safely increasing metabolism and assisting in more efficient function within digestive system with its fiber content combined with the B-complex vitamins that are included in the fruit. Besides, the high water and fiber content will make you feel full with less food. Furthermore, xanthones included in the mangosteen prevent weight gain by burning down fat.
5. Boost immunity and prevent sickness
Mangosteen contains multivitamins and essential minerals which can improve immune system and fight sickness. These nutrients can protect the body from ailments that weaken the immune system. A study showed that mangosteen intake over a 30-day period significantly enhanced immune response, mainly because of the rich antioxidant content (Tang et al. 2009). In addition, the high content of Vitamin C in mangosteens might improve the immunity as well as fight flu and other infections.
Akao, Y., Nakagawa, Y., Iinuma, M., and Nozawa, Y., 2008. Anti-Cancer Effects of Xanthones from Pericarps of Mangosteen. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 9(3), 355-370.Curejoy, 2017. 15 Proven Health Benefits Of Mangosteen That Make It A Super Fruit [Online]. Available from: https://www.curejoy.com/content/health-benefits-of-mangosteen/ [Accessed on 14 December 2017].Fiscal, R.R., and Chavez, A.C.C, 2016.Ethnobotanical Profiling of Commonly Utilized Plants for Hypertension and Diabetes in the Province of Laguna, Philippines. International Journal of Science and Research, 51(9), 152-154.Kondo, M., Zhang, L., Ji, H., Kou, Y., and Ou, B., 2009.Bioavailability and antioxidant effect of a xanthone-rich Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) product in humans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57(19), 8788-92.Pothitirat, W., Chomnawang, M.T., and Gritsanapan, W., 2010. Anti-Acne-Inducing Bacterial Activity of Mangosteen Fruit Rind Extracts. Medical Principles and Practice, 19, 281-286.Tang, Y.P., Li, P.G., Kondo, M., Ji, H.P., Kou, Y., and Ou, B., 2009. Effect of a Mangosteen Dietary Supplement on human Immune Function: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Journal of Medicinal Food, 12(4), 755-763.